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篇名 公開信論辯保證之語藝探索
The Rhetorical Inquiry of the Warrant of Argumentation with the Open Letters
作者 郭曜棻
中文摘要

 Stephen Toulmin 主張任何宣稱(claims) 均應奠基在論據(grounds) 的基礎上,而論

據所以有效達成宣稱,乃憑藉著訊息背後蘊含之三類保證(warrant):實質保證、權
威保證與動機保證。話雖如此,從後設觀點思之,則這三類保證何以達成保證呢?
易言之,保證之有效性所憑藉者何?則為本文所欲探討之問題。對此問題,研究者
以 2015 〜2017 年在台灣 google 網站出現的 18 篇公開信為研究對象, 以及語藝
學者 Weaver 價值論點中彰顯的文化價值與語藝情境的論點,來論證說明之。最後
分析發現這三類論辯保證之取得,乃奠基於言者能否洞悉其所處之情境脈絡特性與
整體文化價值底蘊。
英文摘要

 Stephen Toulmin argues that any claims should be based on grounds, and that the

validly claims are by virtue of the three types of warrants behind the messages:
substantive warrants motivational warrants, and authoritative warrants. Having said
that, from the point of metaperspective, then why these three types of warrants
work? In short, the validity of the warrants by virtue of what? This article is to
explore the issue. In this regard, the researcher uses the eighteen open letters that
appear on the google website in Taiwan from 2015 to 2017 as research objects, as
well as adopting the rhetorician Weaver's value arguments and Bitzer’s perspectives
of rhetorical situation to describe why these three types of warrants work? The
final analysis finds that the three types of argument warrants are based on whether
the rhetor can understand the contextual characteristics of the situation and the
overall cultural value.
中文關鍵詞 論辯架構、保證、價值觀、語藝情境
英文關鍵詞 layout of argument, warrant, value, rhetorical situation
發表日期 2018/07/02
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